The purpose of this essay is to make a critical view of the Spanish educational system. Firstly, it is important to say that this educational system is divided in two parts: an obligatory education and non-obligatory education.
The educational system in Spain is ruled by the Education Ministry, but the different Autonomic regions are the responsible for the management and sponsor in their own territory. Both Administration are guided by the principles of quality, cooperation, equality, non-discrimination, between others.
The obligatory education is made up between 6 and 16 years, although families have to pay books and materials used in classrooms. The superior education is private, but the State finances a part of the same system.
The first obligatory level is primary education. It is given in the schools of primary education, and it takes six years, between 6 and 12 years. The objective in this level is that children develop their social and creative abilities.
The second obligatory level is secondary school, and it is divided in two levels:
- Secondary Compulsory Education: it is divided in four years, between 12 and 16 years, and the students can choose, once they pass all the exams, if they make professional education or bachelor.
- Bachelor. It is non-obligatory, and it goes from 16 to 18 years. It helps student to access to university or professional education of high level. You can choose between three different ways of doing it: sciences, arts and humanity, and social sciences.